Hello Friends, Last I told you about our Primary Resources and how to optimize them. Today I will tell you how to optimize our Secondary and tertiary resources industries and Tourism;
The industrial sector with more than 120 lac small scale units and 1.3 lac large industries (in 2004) besides lacs of khadi and village industries must be one of the largest industrial sectors in the world. If we are able to create adequate infrastructure, provide power and rehabilitate all viable sick and closed units of the country, we can place this sector among the most prosperous and industrialized sectors in the world.
1. Growth of the secondary or industrial sector is vital to build the economy of a nation. The well-being of this sector and social justice to workmen both are important while framing industrial policies. For details please refer the book.
Tertiary or services sector usually is the largest segment that builds up the national GDP. The entire infrastructure, banking, transport, railways, forests, education, water management, etc. fall under this head. In this sector my main impetus shall be on tourism, which has enormous potential and is greatly neglected, besides refurbishing and improvising the infrastructure for other services.
Worldwide tourism amounted to over a trillion dollars ($1100 b) in 2010, out of which India's share was a mere $ 14.19 b (Rs 75,000 crore). It is anybody's guess how much of the $ 1.1 trillion flows into Europe, US and South-east Asia. This is one major reason for their booming economy and a very large and flourishing service sector. Every place is attractive and inviting. They keep their countries remarkably clean and attractive and are ready to receive their guests with warmth and a smile. Back home the foreign tourists encounter a repulsive ambiance right from when they alight the aircraft, at the airport, and as they pass through sordid, unplanned and crowded cities with broken roads and potholes full of filth, stink and poverty galore, rising incidents of eve-teasing, fleecing, rapes, and murders.
1. A vivid description of our cities would tell of traffic congestion, potholes, dusty lanes with mud and filth, open and scattered garbage dumps at every nook and corner, foul odors filling the air, seas of sewage flowing through the open drainage system, and pigs making fun and frolic in the garbage and refuse of our homes. Stray cattle feeding on refuse and the milkman milks those same cows in the evening and supplies us milk adulterated with polluted water to feed our children. Mosquitoes and flies abound in the open, cockroaches and rats flourish in most Indian kitchens. Every sight is demoralizing and repulsive.
2. At most sight-seeing spots a flock of children selling small low-priced items will surround visitors and pester them. Some may feel repulsed and blurt out a few indecent words. Some may oblige the children with paltry purchases. After such encounters one would think many times before visiting such places again. For what does one see while sight-seeing - herds of pestering petty vendors, and monuments and art works that have long lost their splendor and glory and turned old and squalid. The pace of deterioration is now rapid thanks to the overcrowding of cities and neglect and swindling of maintenance funds by the local authorities because our governments work on files unconcerned about the ground realities and extend total impunity to its staff. Everything is disgusting and pathetic. The green belts and parks have long vanished. Many lakes and ponds have dried up and many places meant for sight-seeing bear a deserted look.
2. One more dimension added to this already sordid and creaking situation is the lack of public utilities, scarcity of water, and shortage of power. Even our hill resorts face scarcity of water and discourage even the home tourists. Many hill resorts and tourist spots are turning into unplanned concrete jungles with traffic congestion and parking nightmares. The lush green hills have long turned into denuded hillocks.
Dear friends it is for now, next time I will tell you how to improve our tourism. Till then Good Bye and thank you. K C Agrawal