Hello Friends, Today I will tell you how to identify and optimize our resources;
The strategic location of our country with coastlines on three sides and the towering Himalayas on the fourth, its rich art and cultural heritage, unexplored hidden natural resources, and enormous manpower can make us an extremely strong, healthy and prosperous nation in the world. A thorough study of our resources indicate that we have enormous resources in terms of;
Friends, villages are still the reflection of our country. Unless villages prosper, the country shall not. Our villages have become a living disgrace of harrowing human suffering, sorrows and maladies and this situation can be reversed by:
1. Improving the size of land holdings, because the sizes of small and marginal farmers are very small as discussed before. It calls for land management. It would mean smaller farmers may have to form cooperatives to club a few land holdings to make it bigger and viable for farming.
2. Doing extensive research on the agricultural front
3. Developing good quality (hybrid) seeds
4. Using proper manures and pesticides with emphasis on organic farming.
5. Establishing storage systems to save agricultural produce from rains, storms, heat and rodents. Lacs of crores worth of crops are destroyed each year due to our poor storage system and the lack of education and work culture. Actual destruction is enormous in view of regular reports of food grains rotting in the open.
3. Locating markets and establishing a proper transportation system.
4. Adapting to modern irrigation techniques and mechanization to get rid of primitive and outdated practices of irrigation and harvesting.
5. I know, mechanization will result in large-scale unemployment but I have identified enough avenues to gainfully engage the surplus man power. The reader shall be able to decipher it himself as he reads on.
6. Providing regular education and guidance to farmers on the kind of crops they should grow.
7. Organizing power where it is not available for irrigation purposes. Initially it may also be through captive power generation where possible and feasible. More impetus, however, shall be given to non-conventional energy sources for localized power requirement through, solar energy, wind energy, biomass, bio gas, and urban and municipal waste etc. It will also ease the burden on our already hard-pressed power sector and also make our farmers self-sufficient and self-reliant for better productivity.
8. Overcoming perennial droughts, floods and shortage of water by practicing water management. Briefly, by
- Setting up courses of rivers and canals.
- Periodic de-silting of all water reservoirs (rivers, ponds, canals, and lakes).
- Widening and beautifying their banks.
- Inter-connecting main feed lines with others to feed water-deficit areas.
- Creating extra reservoirs where required to conserve 100% rainwater as it falls. It shall also get rid of droughts and floods which drastically erode the soil's fertility. The perennial recurrences of droughts and floods over the years have eroded the fertility of our arable land to a great extent. The present erosion of the agricultural front, low yield, soaring prices, and pathetic condition of our farmers is of little surprise. We must understand that, perennial droughts, floods and lack of means of livelihood have resulted in large-scale distress emigration of our farmers and unemployed workers to nearby urban areas in search of livelihood. The means of earning and employment in urban areas also are limited. Look at the occasional agitations and clashes between people of two or more states on the employment issue, resulting in tension and killings. Like we witnessed in Assam, Bihar, UP and Maharashtra, and then another in Assam (January 2007) against job seekers from Bihar and other states.
Friends, If we are able to do the above we can improve the productivity of our primary sector by seven to ten times (700-1000%). And then when the economy is back on track, we can begin the construction of our nation through City Centres to transform the villages, the villagers, rehabilitate the disabled and destitute, and thus transform the whole nation like a dream come true.
Summary on rural Development
Bulk of our population (73%) lives in villages and remains the poorest of the poor, jobless, illiterate and backward, it is essential that a holistic development of the rural sector is carried out on an urgent basis. I will like to emphatically apprise the people of India that our country cannot progress unless our villages progress. It is irrespective of SEZ's, Retail Chains, even despite of our Industrial growth. The concept of City Centres is a unique answer to rural development to eradicate the blemish to be called a nation of villages and villagers once and for ever.
Dear friend, this is all for now. In the next talk I will tell you how to make optimum use of our secondary and tertiary resources. Till then Good bye and thank you. K C Agrawal